Medication can be prescribed for some patients, but it generally only provides short-term results. The only way to effectively treat aortic stenosis is by aortic valve replacement (AVR) through open-heart surgery or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).
Open-heart surgery is the most common procedure used to replace the diseased valve. Surgeons insert an artificial valve made of animal or human tissue or a mechanical valve made from synthetic material.
TAVR is an option for high-risk patients who may not be able to tolerate open-heart surgery. TAVR allows surgeons to insert a valve made of biological tissue using a catheter. This non-invasive procedure allows patients to recover and heal faster than patients who undergo open heart surgery.