Multiple Sclerosis is a disease for which no known cure is currently available, which is why you want to see a neurologist who has been specially trained in managing the symptoms. Our neurologists work with you to improve function and mobility. We work with you to manage your MS and our goal is to help you regain control of your life.
What are the symptoms of MS?
The symptoms of MS are erratic. They may be mild or severe, of long duration or short. They may appear in various combinations, depending on the area of the nervous system affected. The following are the most common symptoms of MS. Each individual may experience symptoms differently.
Initial symptoms of MS:
- Blurred or double vision
- Difficulty walking
- Pain and loss of vision due to optic neuritis, an inflammation of the optic nerve
- Paresthesia - abnormal sensation, or pain, such as numbness, prickling, or "pins and needles"
- Red-green color distortion
Other symptoms of MS:
- Throughout the course of the illness, an individual may experience any/all of the following symptoms, to a varying degree:
- Bowel and bladder disturbances
- Changes in sexual function
- Difficulty with coordination (impaired walking or standing may result; partial or complete paralysis is possible)
- Fatigue (this may be triggered by physical activity, but may subside with rest; constant, persistent fatigue is possible)
- Hearing loss
- Loss of sensation
- Muscle weakness in the extremities
- Spasticity - the involuntary increased tone of muscles leading to stiffness and spasms.
- Speech impediments
Approximately 50 percent of all people with MS experience cognitive impairments related to their disease. The effects of these impairments may be mild, often detectable only after comprehensive testing, and may include difficulty with any/all of the following:
- Poor judgment
How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
There is no definitive test available to diagnose multiple sclerosis. However, a probable diagnosis can be made that can also rule out other causes and diseases. Our team will evaluate the following to determine an MS diagnosis:
- Mental functions
- Emotional functions
- Functions of the five senses
- Language functions
- Movement and coordination
What treatments are available for multiple sclerosis?
Specific treatment for MS will be based in part on:
- Your age, overall health and medical history
- Your opinion or preference
- Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
- Expectations for the course of the disease
- Extent of the disease
Treatments for the conditions associated with MS may include the following:
- Assistive technology
- Clinical trials
- Rehabilitation activities