Skip to Content
Home > Your Health > Health and Wellness Library > Myomectomy
View Additional Section Content
Myomectomy is the surgical removal of
fibroids from the uterus. It allows the uterus to be
left in place and, for some women, makes pregnancy more likely than before.
Myomectomy is the preferred fibroid treatment for
women who want to become pregnant. After myomectomy, your chances of pregnancy
may be improved but are not guaranteed.
shrinking fibroids with
gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) therapy may reduce blood loss from the surgery. GnRH-a therapy lowers
the amount of estrogen your body makes. If you have bleeding from a fibroid,
GnRH-a therapy can also improve
anemia before surgery by stopping uterine bleeding for
Surgical methods for myomectomy include:
The method used depends on the:
The length of time you may spend in
the hospital varies.
Recovery time depends on the method used for the
Myomectomy preserves the uterus
while treating fibroids. It may be a reasonable treatment option if you
Myomectomy decreases pelvic pain
and bleeding from fibroids.
Myomectomy is the only fibroid treatment that may improve your
chances of having a baby. It is known to help with a certain kind of fibroid
called a submucosal fibroid. But it does not seem to improve pregnancy chances
with any other kind of fibroid.footnote 1
After myomectomy, a
cesarean section may be needed for delivery. This
depends in part on where and how big the myomectomy incision is.
Fibroids return after surgery in 10 to 50 out of 100 women, depending on the original fibroid problem. Fibroids that were
larger and more numerous are most likely to recur.footnote 2
Talk to your doctor about whether your type of fibroid is likely to grow back.
include the following:
When trying to get pregnant after myomectomy. Because fibroids can grow back, it is best to try to conceive as
soon after a myomectomy as is safely possible and your recovery from surgery is complete.
When incisions have been made into the uterine wall to
remove fibroids, future pregnancy may be affected. Sometimes
placenta problems develop, such as
placenta abruptio or
placenta accreta. During labor, the uterus may not
function normally, which can make a
cesarean delivery necessary.
cases, a hysterectomy is needed when the surgery reveals that the
uterus is too overgrown with fibroids for a safe myomectomy.
Complete the surgery information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you prepare for this surgery.
Parker WH (2012). Uterine fibroids. In JS Berek, ed., Berek and Novak's Gynecology, 15th ed., pp. 438–469. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Society of Reproductive Surgeons (2008). Myomas and reproductive function. Fertility and Sterility, 90(3): S125–S130.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family MedicineKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineMartin J. Gabica, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerDivya Gupta, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology
Current as ofFebruary 25, 2016
Current as of:
February 25, 2016
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Divya Gupta, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Communicate with your medical team, request medication refills and manage appointments through MUHealthe. Learn More
Schedule an appointment today with an MU Health Care provider.
Our support team is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week at 877-621-8014.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
Copyright ©2016 — Curators of the University of Missouri. All rights reserved. DMCA and other copyright information.
Equal Opportunity/Access/Affirmative Action/Pro Disabled & Veteran Employer. For website information contact the Office of Communications. Disclaimer