Skip to Content
Home > Your Health > Health and Wellness Library > Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation
View Additional Section Content
A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of
birth control. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked,
which prevents pregnancy by blocking the egg's path to the sperm and uterus.
Laparoscopy makes it possible to see and do the
surgery through small incisions in the abdomen.
laparoscopic tubal ligation, the surgeon makes two
small cuts (incisions)—one in or just below the belly button (navel) and one at the
upper edge of the pubic hair. The abdominal cavity, where the reproductive
organs are, is inflated with air or a harmless gas so that the surgeon can see
and avoid injuring abdominal organs or the inside of the abdomen.
The surgeon inserts a thin, lighted viewing tube (laparoscope) through
the incision. The laparoscope has a lens that magnifies what the surgeon is
viewing. The instrument that the surgeon uses to cut (ligate) the tubes may be
inserted alongside the laparoscope or through the incision just above the pubic
hair. The surgeon looks through the laparoscope while moving this instrument to
get the tubes cut in the correct location.
ligation leaves small scars. Laparoscopy is the preferred method of surgery for
The hospital or surgery center may send you instructions on
how to get ready for your surgery, or a nurse may call you with instructions
before your surgery.
Right after surgery, you will be taken to a
recovery area where nurses will care for and observe you. In most cases you will stay
in the recovery area for 1 to 4 hours, and then you will go home. In addition
to any special instructions from your doctor, your nurse will explain
information to help you in your recovery. You will likely go home with a sheet
of care instructions and who to contact if a problem arises.
A mini-laparotomy procedure ("mini-lap") involves
a smaller incision [usually less than
2 in. (5 cm) long] than a
regular laparotomy. The incision may be made just at or above the pubic
fallopian tubes are pulled up into or out of the
incision, tied off, and then put back into place.
is favored for women who have had prior abdominal or pelvic surgery or who have
heart or respiratory diseases.
A mini-lap may not be appropriate
for women who are very overweight or who have a history of disease affecting
the fallopian tubes, such as
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerFemi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as ofMay 30, 2016
Current as of:
May 30, 2016
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Communicate with your medical team, request medication refills and manage appointments through MUHealthe. Learn More
Schedule an appointment today with an MU Health Care provider.
Our support team is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week at 877-621-8014.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
Copyright ©2017 — Curators of the University of Missouri. All rights reserved. DMCA and other copyright information.
Equal Opportunity/Access/Affirmative Action/Pro Disabled & Veteran Employer. For website information contact the Office of Communications. Disclaimer