Profile

Gender

Male

Education & Training

Medical School

Faculty of Medicine Miguel Hernandez University

Residency

Universidad de Valancia Hospitals

Fellowship

University of Virginia School of Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine

Board Certification

American Board of Radiology - Diagnostic Radiology

Insurances

MU Health Care participates with most major managed care organizations. To find out whether MU Health Care is a participating provider in your insurance plan or network, or for information on co-payments and deductibles, please contact your insurance carrier directly.

Academic Profile

Carlos Leiva Salinas MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Radiology
Division Chief, Neuroradiology

Research Interests

  • Neuroradiology
  • Nuclear Medicine

Areas of Expertise

  • Neuroradiology

Awards & Honors

  • Roentgen Fellow Research Award, Radiologic Society of North America, 2016
  • Research Award, Department of Radiology, University of Virginia, 2014 and 2017

Publications

Journal articles

  • FDG PET/MR Imaging Coregistration Helps Predict Survival in Patients with Glioblastoma and Radiologic Progression after Standard of Care Treatment. Leiva-Salinas C, Schiff D, Flors L, Patrie JT, Rehm PK. Radiology. 2017;283:508-514.
  • Use of hyperpolarized helium-3 MRI to assess response to ivacaftor treatment in patients with cystic fibrosis. Altes TA, Johnson M, Fidler M, Botfield M, Tustison NJ, Leiva-Salinas C, de Lange EE, Froh D, Mugler JP 3rd. J Cyst Fibros. 2017;16:267-274.
  • Radiographic progression in late-onset Rasmussen encephalitis. Leiva-Salinas C, Quigg M. Neurology. 2016;87:e108.
  • Detection of parathyroid adenomas using a monophasic dual-energy computed tomography acquisition: diagnostic performance and potential radiation dose reduction. Leiva-Salinas C, Flors L, Durst CR, Hou Q, Patrie JT, Wintermark M, Mukherjee S. 2016;58:1135-1141.
  • Prediction of Early Recanalization and Tissue Fate in the Selection of Patients with the Greatest Potential to Benefit from Intravenous Tissue Type Plasminogen Activator. Leiva-Salinas C, Patrie JT, Xin W, Michel P, Jovin T, Wintermark M. Stroke. 2016;47:397-403.
  • Utilizing dual energy CT to improve CT diagnosis of posterior fossa ischemia. Hixson HR, Leiva-Salinas C, Sumer S, Patrie J, Xin W, Wintermark M. J Neuroradiol. 2016;26:243-247.
  • Cerebral Venous Thrombosis and Polycythemia: a Potential Pitfall. Perez-Girbes A, Lemercier P, Leiva-Salinas C. Can J Neurol Sci. 2016;4:1-2.
  • Additional technician tasks and turnaround time in the clinical Stat laboratory. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Leiva-Salinas M, Lillo R, Leiva-Salinas C. Biochem Med. 2016;26:243-247.
  • Automatic laboratory-based strategy to improve the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in primary care. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Leiva-Salinas M, Lugo J, Pomares FJ, Asencio A, Ahumada M, Leiva-Salinas C. Biochem Med. 2016;26:121-128.
  • Request of acute phase markers in primary care in Spain. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Am J Manag Care. 2015;21:e591-596.
  • 1Request of thyroid function tests from primary care in Spain. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Pomares FJ, Flores E, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Endocrinol Nutr. 2016;63:19-26.
  • Larger differences in utilization of rarely requested tests in primary care in Spain. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C; Pilot Group of the Appropriate Utilization of Laboratory Tests. Biochem Med. 2015;25:410-415.
  • Research in Radiology: our perspective. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C. Radiologia. 2015;57:273-274.
  • Purulent chondritis of the cricoid. Leiva-Salinas C, Mukherjee S. Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis. 2016;133:137-139.
  • Education and communication is the key for the successful management of vitamin D test requesting. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Leiva-Salinas M, Ahumada M, Leiva-Salinas C. Biochem Med. 2015;25:237-241.
  • Differences in Prostatic Specific Antigen request patterns in Primary Care setting: A Pilot study in Spain. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Arch Esp Urol. 2015;68:554-561.
  • Request of laboratory liver tests in primary care in Spain: potential savings if appropriateness indicator targets were achieved. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C; Pilot Group of the Appropriate Utilization of Laboratory Tests (REDCONLAB) working group. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015;27:1130-1136.
  • Fontan procedure: imaging of normal post-surgical anatomy and the spectrum of cardiac and extracardiac complications. Navarro-Aguilar V, Flors L, Calvillo P, Merlos P, Buendía F, Igual B, Melero-Ferrer J, Soriano JR, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Radiol. 2015;70:295-303.
  • Arteriopathy diagnosis in childhood arterial ischemic stroke: results of the vascular effects of infection in pediatric stroke study. Wintermark M, Hills NK, deVeber GA, Barkovich AJ, Elkind MS, Sear K, Zhu G, Leiva-Salinas C, Hou Q, Dowling MM, Bernard TJ, Friedman NR, Ichord RN, Fullerton HJ; VIPS Investigators. Stroke. 2014;45:3597-3605
  • Ten years of preanalytical monitoring and control: Synthetic Balanced Score Card Indicator. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Santo-Quiles A, Gutierrez M, Lugo J, Lillo R, Leiva-Salinas C. Biochem Med.2015;25:49-56.
  • Daily communication decreases the number of pre-analytical errors in primary care. Lillo R, Salinas M, Flores E, López-Garrigós M, Butron-Lopez M, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2015 ;53:e265-267.
  • Dental Flat Panel Conebeam CT in the Evaluation of Patients with Inflammatory Sinonasal Disease: Diagnostic Efficacy and Radiation Dose Savings. Leiva-Salinas C, Flors L, Gras P, Más-Estellés F, Lemercier P, Patrie JT, Wintermark M, Martí-Bonmatí L. JNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014;35:2052-2057.
  • Potential over request in anemia laboratory tests in primary care in Spain. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Flores E, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Hematology. 2015;20:3597-3605.
  • Laboratory utilization improvement through a computer-aided algorithm developed with general practitioners. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Asencio A, Leiva-Salinas M, Lugo J, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2014;53:1391-1397.
  • Outcomes after endovascular treatment for anterior circulation stroke presenting as wake-up strokes are not different than those with witnessed onset beyond 8 hours. Aghaebrahim A, Leiva-Salinas C, Jadhav AP, Jankowitz B, Zaidi S, Jumaa M, Urra X, Amorim E, Zhu G, Giurgiutiu DV, Horev A, Reddy V, Hammer M, Wechsler L, Wintermark M, Jovin T. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014;7:875-80.
  • Surgical Perspectives in Craniofacial Trauma. Schmitt PJ, Barrett DM, Christophel JJ, Leiva-Salinas C, Mukherjee S, Shaffrey ME. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2014;24:531-552.
  • The Gradient of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Values in the Peritumoral Edema helps in the distinction of Glioblastoma Multiforme from Solitary Metastatic Lesions. Lemercier P, Paz S, Patrie JT, Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014;203:163-169.
  • A study of the differences in the request of glycated hemoglobin in primary care in Spain: a global, significant, and potentially dangerous under-request. Salinas M, Lopez Garrigos M, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Appropriate Utilization of Laboratory Tests (REDCONLAB) Group. CLin Biochem. 2014;46:1104-1107.
  • Necrotizing fasciitis: an urgent diagnosis. Paz Maya S, Dualde Beltrán D, Lemercier P, Leiva-Salinas C. Skeletal Radiol. 2014;43:577-589.
  • Customizing turnaround time indicators to requesting clinician: a 10-year study through balanced scorecard indicators. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Santo-Quiles A, Gutierrez M, Lugo J, Lillo R, Leiva-Salinas C. J Clin Pathol. 2014;67:797-801.
  • Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction reduces patient radiation dose in neuroradiology CT studies. Komlosi P, Zhang Y, Leiva-Salinas C, Ornan D, Patrie JT, Xin W, Grady D, Wintermark M. Neuroradiology. 2014,56:187-193.
  • Imaging Follow up of Endovascular Repair of Type B Aortic Dissection with Dual-Source Dual-Energy CT and Late Delayed Phase Scans. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Norton PT, Patrie JT, Hagspiel KD. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2014;25-435-442.
  • Strategy to improve the request of uric acid in primary care: Preliminary results and evaluation through process and outcome appropriateness indicators. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Asencio A, Batlle E, Minguez M, Lugo J, Salinas E, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Biochem. 2014;47:467-470.
  • Ten frequently asked questions about MRI evaluation of soft-tissue vascular anomalies. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Norton PT, Park AW, Ogur T, Hagspiel KD. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;201:W554-62.
  • A comparison of early diagnostic utility of Alzheimer disease biomarkers in brain brain magnetic resonance and cerebrospinal fluid. Monge Argilés JA, Blanco Cantó MA, Leiva Salinas C, Flors L, Muñoz Ruiz C, Sánchez Payá J, Gasparini Berenguer R, Leiva Santana C. Neurologia. 2013;19:S213.
  • Right Lower Quadrant Pain. Lemercier P, Flors L, Paz Maya S, Carreño Saenz OA, Leiva-Salinas C. JAMA Surg. 2013;148:981-982.
  • Patient identification errors: The detective in the laboratory. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Lillo R, Gutiérrez M, Lugo J, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Biochem. 2013;46:1767-1769.
  • False positive results: The imaginary invalid syndrome. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Leiva-Salinas C. Aten Primaria. 2013;45:542.
  • Serum calcium (S-Ca), the forgotten test: Preliminary results of an appropriateness strategy to detect primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Pomares F, Lugo J, Asencio A, López-Penabad L, Dominguez JR, Leiva-Salinas C. Bone. 2013 53:73-76.
  • 17q25 Locus is associated with white matter hyperintensity volume in ischemic stroke, but not with lacunar stroke status. Adib-Samii P, Rost N, Traylor M, Devan W, Biffi A, Lanfranconi S, Fitzpatrick K, Bevan S, Kanakis A, Valant V, Gschwendtner A, Malik R, Richie A, Gamble D, Segal H, Parati EA, Ciusani E, Holliday EG, Maguire J, Wardlaw J, Worrall B, Bis J, Wiggins KL, Longstreth W, Kittner SJ, Cheng YC, Mosley T, Falcone GJ, Furie KL, Leiva-Salinas C, Lau BC, Saleem Khan M; Australian Stroke Genetics Collaborative; Wellcome Trust Case-Control Consortium-2 (WTCCC2); METASTROKE, Sharma P, Fornage M, Mitchell BD, Psaty BM, Sudlow C, Levi C, Boncoraglio GB, Rothwell PM, Meschia J, Dichgans M, Rosand J, Markus HS; International Stroke Genetics Consortium. Stroke. 2013;44:1609-1615.
  • Laboratory false-positive results: a clinician responsibility or a shared responsibility with requesting clinicians? Salinas M, Lopez-Garrigós M, Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2013;58:e199-200.
  • Tissue at risk in acute stroke patients treated beyond 8 h after symptom onset. Leiva-Salinas C, Aghaebrahim A, Zhu G, Patrie JT, Xin W, Lau BC, Jovin T, Wintermark M. Neuroradiology. 2013;55:807-812.
  • Should we customise critical value procedure according to patient origin and laboratory turnaround time? Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Gutiérrez M, Lugo J, Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C. J Clin Pathol. 2013;66:269-272.
  • Nocardiosis in solid-organ transplant recipients: spectrum of imaging findings. Bargehr J, Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Flohr TR, Sawyer R, Bonatti H, Hagspiel KD. Clin Radiol. 2013;68:266-271.
  • Endoleak detection after endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm using dual-source dual-energy CT: suitable scanning protocols and potential radiation dose reduction. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Norton PT, Patrie JT, Hagspiel KD. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;200:451-460.
  • Do not think, just do it: a strategy for patient safety. Salinas M, de Haro T, López-Garrigós M, Leiva-Salinas C. Rev Calid Asist. 2013;28:321-322.
  • The clinical laboratory in the health care system: a key or a support process? Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Rev Calid Asist. 2013;28:260-261.
  • Alert value reporting: a new strategy for patient safety. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Asencio A, Lugo J, Gutiérrez M, Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C. Clin Biochem. 2013;46:245-249.
  • Laboratory safety: key in patient safety. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Uris J, Leiva-Salinas C. Rev Calid Asist. 2013;28:63-64.
  • Imaging case of the month: Abnormalities of the cochlear nerves and internal auditory canals in pontine tegmental cap dysplasia. Leiva-Salinas C, Mukherjee S, Kesser BW, Deib G, Flors L, Raghavan P. Otol Neurotol. 2012;33:e73-74.
  • Diagnostic accuracy of icteric index to detect abnormal total bilirubin values. Salinas M, López-Garrigós M, Lugo J, Gutiérrez M, Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C. J Clin Pathol. 2012;65:928-933.
  • The alphabet soup of perfusion CT and MR imaging: terminology revisited and clarified in five questions. Leiva-Salinas C, Provenzale JM, Kudo K, Sasaki M, Wintermark M. Neuroradiology. 2012;54:907-918.
  • Imaging evaluation of flow limitations in the iliac arteries in endurance athletes: diagnosis and treatment follow-up. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Bozlar U, Norton PT, Cherry KJ, Housseini AM, Gupta N, Hagspiel KD. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011;197:W948-955.
  • MR imaging of soft-tissue vascular malformations: diagnosis, classification, and therapy follow-up. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Maged IM, Norton PT, Matsumoto AH, Angle JF, Hugo Bonatti M, Park AW, Ahmad EA, Bozlar U, Housseini AM, Huerta TE, Hagspiel KD. Radiographics. 2011;31:1221-1240.
  • MD CT angiography and MR angiography of nonatherosclerotic renal artery disease. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Ahmad EA, Norton PT, Turba UC, Bozlar U, Hagspiel KD. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2011;34:1151-1164
  • Stroke Imaging Research Roadmap. Leiva-Salinas C, Hom J, Warach S, Wintermark M. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2011;21:239-245.
  • The vascular effects of infection in Pediatric Stroke (VIPS) Study. Fullerton HJ, Elkind MS, Barkovich AJ, Glaser C, Glidden D, Hills NK, Leiva-Salinas C, Wintermark M, Deveber GA. J Child Neurol. 2011;26:1101-1110.
  • Neuroimaging of Cerebral Ischemia and Infarction. Leiva-Salinas C, Wintermark M, Kidwell CS. Neurotherpeutics. 2011;8:19-27.
  • Response to the ten most frequently asked questions about perfusion CT. Leiva-Salinas C, Provenzale JM, Wintermark M. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011;196:53-60.
  • Imaging of acute ischemic stroke. Leiva-Salinas C, Wintermark M. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2010;20:455-468.
  • The future of stroke imaging: what we need and how to get to it. Leiva-Salinas C, Wintermark M. Stroke. 2010;41:S152-153.
  • Obstructive hydrocephalus due to cavernous dilation of Virchow-Robin spaces. Flors L, Leiva-Salinas C, Cabrera G, Mazón M, Poyatos C. Neurology. 2010;74:1746.
  • Uncommon Occupational Lung Diseases: High-Resolution Computed Tomography Findings. Flors L, Domingo ML, Leiva-Salinas C, Mazón M, Vilar J. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010;194:20-26.
  • Pulmonary Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumour: a Confusing Diagnosis. Leiva-Salinas C, Domingo ML, Flors L. Arch Bronconeumol. 2010;46:106-107.
  • Vesselplasty: a new technical approach to treat symptomatic vertebral compression fractures. Flors L, Lonjedo E, Leiva-Salinas C, Martí-Bonmatí L, Martínez-Rodrigo JJ, López-Pérez E, Figueres G, Raoli I. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;193:218-226.
  • Tygroid pattern in Metachromatic Leukodystrophy. Leiva-Salinas C, Naidich TP, Flors L. Accepted Radiología. 2010;52:181-183
  • The degree of knowledge shown by physicians in relation to the variability of laboratory test results. Flores E, Leiva M, Leiva-Salinas C, Salinas M. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2009;47:381-382
  • Pleomorphic sarcomatoid carcinoma of the lung. Flors L, Domingo M, Leiva-Salinas C, Vilar J. Radiología. 2010;52:92-94.
  • Silent sinus syndrome. Leiva-Salinas C, Som PM, Flors L. Radiologia. 2009;51:436-7
  • Ossified peritoneal metastasis from an osteosarcoma of the femur. Leiva-Salinas C, Ferrer J, Sopena Novales P, Flors Blasco L. Radiología. 2008; 50:531.
  • Diffusion-weighted MRI in early diagnosis of cerebral fat embolism syndrome. Leiva Salinas C, Poyatos Ruipérez C, González Masegosa A, Ferrer Casanova JM. 2008; 23:188-191.

Book Chapters

  • Spinal Vascular Diseases. Leiva-Salinas C, Tang Y, Mukherjee S, Winermark, M. In “Emergency Neuroradiology: a case based approach”. Editors: Tang Y, Mukherjee S, WIntermark M. 2015. ISBN: 978-1-107-67913-8.
  • Application of MR Diffusion, CT Angiography and Perfusion Imaging in Stroke Neurocritical Care. Leiva-Salinas C, Smith W, Wintermark. In “Emergency Management in Neurocritical Care”. Editor: Edward M. Manno. 2012. ISBN: 978-04-70654-73-6.
  • Leiva Santana C, Martín Estefanía C, Leiva-Salinas C. In “Tratado de los trastornos del movimiento” 2ª Edición. Editors: Jiménez-Jiménez FJ, Luquín MR, Molina JA, Linazasoro G. 2008. ISBN: 978-84-85424-76-4.
  • La imagen TAC: abdomen. Magán Martín A, Figueres Muñoz G, Leiva-Salinas C. In “Manual de PET-TC para Residentes”. Editors: Sopena Monforte R, Martí-Climent JM. 2008. ISBN: 978-84-691-3848-9.
  • Otros fármacos en Radiología. Lucia Flors, Carlos Leiva-Salinas. In: “Manual para técnicos superiores en imagen para el diagnostico”. Spanish Society of Radiology. Edited by: Spanish Society of Radiology. J Azpeitia, J Puig, R Soler. Editorial Panamericana. ISBN 978-84-9835-766-0