A brain injury can change your life in an instant — from the way you think to the way you act. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and brain tissue.
If you or a loved one has a brain injury, the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) clinic at University of Missouri Health Care offers caring, expert care and treatment. From intensive care to community reintegration, those with a brain injury require well-coordinated inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation.
Each member of the TBI care team conducts an initial evaluation with the patient. Then, the team, along with the patient and family, develops a treatment plan with appropriate goals.
Our physical medicine and rehabilitation team offers a number of services for patients with brain injuries.
These services include:
- Medical treatment
- Psychological therapy
- Vocational (work) planning
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Clinic
Our Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Clinic is a complete brain dysfunction clinic that addresses the medical, psychological, educational and vocational aspects of TBI.
We diagnose and treat these conditions:
- Brain aneurysm. This happens when there is weakness in a blood vessel in the brain that causes the vessel to balloon out and fill with blood.
- Hypoxia/anoxia encephalopathy. This condition occurs when the brain can’t get oxygen. The result is brain damage.
- Metabolic encephalopathy. This takes place when something — such as an infection, organ failure or exposure to a toxic substance — causes the body’s hormones, electrolytes and other chemicals to become unbalanced. This affects brain function.
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI is often caused by an accident, assault or fall.
- Viral encephalopathy. Viral encephalopathy is when a virus causes the brain to become inflamed.
We also provide management of behavior and cognitive problems resulting from these injuries.
As part of a treatment plan, we may recommend:
- Driving evaluations for patients who have problems thinking and understanding (cognition)
- Neuropsychological testing
- Occupational therapy
- Physical therapy
- When and how to return to family, social and leisure activities (community reintegration)
- Speech and language therapy
Behavior and cognitive problems from TBI
When patients have problems with their behavior or their thinking because of brain injuries, we take a strong approach to help manage those problems. We use the latest recommendations for neuropharmacology (medication) and neurotransmitter treatment (dealing with the brain chemicals that send information through the brain and body). Our team can also arrange for psychological and psychiatric help.