Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a fluid made from your blood that contains a concentrated amount of platelets. In addition to their role in stopping bleeding, platelets contain more than 1,500 proteins that contribute to healing.

Platelets are especially helpful in healing tendon, ligament and muscle tissues. They also help decrease pain and inflammation and slow down degeneration in conditions such as arthritis.

At University of Missouri Health Care, we use PRP injections as part of a comprehensive treatment plan to treat tendon and ligament problems. This includes promoting rotator cuff, meniscal and muscle healing and decreasing pain and inflammation associated with plantar fasciitis, tendinitis and arthritis. PRP injections are a safe, evidence-based and effective treatment for certain conditions.

When it's used

PRP injections can be used along with other treatment methods for some orthopaedic conditions.

  • Acute injuries: Sprained ankles and broken bones can be treated with a PRP injection and other treatment methods.
  • Osteoarthritis: Some patients who suffer from common arthritis find relief through a PRP injection into the degenerative joint.
  • Postsurgical repair: After surgically repairing a torn ligament or tendon, PRP can be used to help the healing process.
  • Tendon injuries: These thick, tough bands that connect muscle to bone tend to heal slowly after an injury. A PRP injection can reduce healing time and reduce discomfort.

What to expect

PRP is injected into the treatment site. The injection and the body’s initial healing responses can cause discomfort for up to a week afterward. Our team will provide you with instructions on how to treat any discomfort and potential side effects, including the potential for infection. Some treatment plans may also include rehabilitation, which our team will walk you through step by step.

PRP treatments may be covered by your health insurance. We recommend you check with your insurance provider before the procedure to determine how much you should expect to pay.

Learn more about platelet-rich plasma