On each side of your neck, a carotid artery brings blood to your brain. As you age, a substance called plaque can build up inside these arteries. Plaque causes the arteries to become narrow (stenosis), blocking blood flow to your brain and increasing your chance of a stroke.

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When you are diagnosed with carotid artery disease, you want comprehensive care from a team of experienced professionals. At University of Missouri Health Care, our heart and vascular specialists provide the compassionate, personalized care you deserve. We use a team-based approach and the latest research to give you the care you need for better heart health.

Diagnosis of carotid artery disease

Smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes or a family history of carotid artery disease can contribute to plaque build-up. Many people with carotid artery disease have no symptoms. A stroke or “mini stroke” (transient ischemic attack or TIA) is often the first sign of the disease.

If your physician is concerned you may have carotid artery disease, they may use a Doppler ultrasound, a noninvasive test that uses sound waves to create a moving image to examine your arteries. They may also order a CT angiogram, a test that uses X-ray technology to create 3D images of your neck.

At MU Health Care, we use advanced cardiac imaging technology to provide an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. Our multidisciplinary team of cardiologists, vascular surgeons and nurses helps you choose the best treatments for you.

Treatment of carotid artery disease

Carotid artery disease treatment may include:

Medicine and monitoring

Medicines can reduce your risk of stroke and help prevent further plaque build-up. Along with lifestyle changes, medicine can improve your heart health. If your carotid arteries only have a small amount of plaque build-up, your physician may also want to conduct regular ultrasounds to keep an eye on the state of your carotid arteries.

Advanced vascular surgery

If you have a large amount of plaque build-up, your doctor may recommend surgery to open up narrowed arteries. At MU Health Care Heart and Vascular Center, our experienced vascular surgeons perform the latest procedures in leading-edge hybrid operating rooms. These rooms combine the technology of a cardiac catheterization lab and an operating room so that vascular surgeons, interventional cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons can all perform advanced procedures in the same room.

During vascular surgery and stenting procedures, your physician will make a small incision in your groin. Using X-ray guidance, they will guide a thin tube (a catheter) through the incision up into your carotid artery. Once inside the artery, your physician uses specially designed tools to open up the artery. Your physician may put in a wire mesh tube, called a stent, that will hold the artery open.

After vascular surgery, you will have better blood flow through your carotid arteries and a lower chance of stroke. Generally, recovery takes only a few days before you can return to your normal activities.